Non-opiate, increased dose of non-opiate, opiate 10 The goal of treatment of acute pain is: Reduction or elimination of pain with minimum adverse reactions 11 Which of the following statements is true about age and pain?
One of the main drug classes used to treat acute pain is NSAIDs. They are used because Information is a common cause of acute pain 8 Opiates are used mainly to treat moderate to severe pain.
The unpleasant feeling of pain is highly subjective in nature that may be experienced by the patient. Acute Pain serves a protective function to make the patient informed and knowledgeable about the presence of an injury or illness.
One of the main drug classes used to treat acute pain is NSAIDs. They are used because: 1. They have less risk for liver damage than acetaminophen. 2. Inflammation is a common cause of acute pain. 3. They have minimal GI irritation. 4. Regulation of blood flow to the kidney is not affected by these drugs.
Nurses play a crucial role in the assessment of pain, use these techniques on how to assess for Acute Pain: 1. Perform a comprehensive assessment of pain. Determine via assessment the location, characteristics, onset, duration, frequency, quality, and severity of pain.
The unexpected onset of acute pain reminds the patient to seek support, assistance, and relief. It has a duration of fewer than 6 months.
Additionally, the nurse should ask the following questions during pain assessment to determine its history: (1) effectiveness of previous pain treatment or management; (2) what medications were taken and when; (3) other medications being taken; (4) allergies or known side effects to medications. 4.
Distraction. This technique involves heightening one’s concentration upon non-painful stimuli to decrease one’s awareness and experience of pain. Drawing the person’s away from the pain lessens the perception of pain. Examples include reading, watching TV, playing video games, guided imagery.
Patient describes satisfactory pain control at a level (for example, less than 3 to 4 on a rating scale of 0 to 10)
The physiological signs that occur with acute pain emerge from the body’s response to pain as a stressor. Other factors such as the patient’s cultural background, emotions, and psychological or spiritual discomfort may contribute to the suffering of acute pain.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS). Is the application of low-voltage electrical stimulation directly over the identified pain areas or along with the areas that innervate pain.
If interventions to resolve the cause of pain such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation, are insufficient, pain medications are given based on the severity of pain. Drugs are given in which order of use
Referred pain is present in a distance site for the pain source and is based on activation of the same spinal segment as the acute pain site
Chronic pain has a predominance of C-neuron stimulation
Different areas of the brain are involved in specific aspects of pain. The reticular and limbic system in the brain influence the
Acetaminophen is especially useful in both children and adults because it has no effect on platelets and has fewer adverse affects than NSAIDS.
Percocet is one drug used to manage pain. What type of drug is Percocet?
Symptoms such as weight loss, constipation, and depression are often seen with: Chronic pain. Positive patient outcomes are possible if: a, b, and c. According to Margo McCaffery's definition of pain, a patient is in pain when: The patient says he or she is in pain.
Different types of pain scales are used to determine the intensity of patient pain. If a patient is asked to point to the place on a scale that shows his or her level of pain, the pain scale being used is:
This group of drugs is often used in lower doses as an adjuvant drug to treat chronic nerve pain by regulating the pain signals and increasing mood. Antidepressants.
The biological function of pain is to warn the body of injury. The type of pain that properly serves this function is: Acute pain. Different types of pain scales are used to determine the intensity of patient pain.
Patients require education when prescribed opioids. This education should include:
Choose the correct statement about placebos and pain management: Placebos should not be used to treat pain. When assessing the functional goals, you are determining: What a person would like to be able to do if pain is managed. The preferred treatment plan for chronic pain is: