a journalist should be ________ when reporting and interpreting information course hero

by Luz Kilback 9 min read

Why should journalists read scholarly studies?

Apr 12, 2017 · Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information. When Minimizing harm journalists must keep in mind that ethical journalism treats sources, subjects, colleagues and members of the public as human beings deserving of respect. When acting independently, journalists must keep in mind that the …

How should a reporter conduct an interview?

Report It Ethical journalism should be accurate and fair. Journalists should be honest and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information. Journalists should: Take responsibility for the accuracy of their work. Verify information before releasing it. Use original sources whenever possible.

What skills do you need to be a good journalist?

Jan 20, 2012 · So yes, reporters should make every effort to verify statements made by politicians or public officials. And in fact, there's recently been an increased emphasis on this kind of verification, in the form of websites like Politifact. Indeed, New York Times editor Jill Abramson, in her response to Brisbane's column, outlined a number of ways the ...

What is a reporter's primary mission?

Mar 25, 2019 · Time for you to be an international journalist! Use social media to report from the thick of the action during the Crusades! Your assignment is to keep the world informed by posting 10 brief updates. Remember, as a reporter you should remain neutral and report the facts. As you prepare each update, keep the following expectations in mind ...

What should journalists do?

Journalists should: – Explain ethical choices and processes to audiences. Encourage a civil dialogue with the public about journalistic practices, coverage and news content. Respond quickly to questions about accuracy, clarity and fairness. – Acknowledge mistakes and correct them promptly and prominently.

What is the purpose of ethical journalism?

Ethical journalism strives to ensure the free exchange of information that is accurate, fair and thorough. An ethical journalist acts with integrity.

What is the SPJ Code of Ethics?

The SPJ Code of Ethics is a statement of abiding principles supported by explanations and position papers that address changing journalistic practices. It is not a set of rules, rather a guide that encourages all who engage in journalism to take responsibility for the information they provide, regardless of medium.

What is the public entitled to?

The public is entitled to as much information as possible to judge the reliability and motivations of sources. – Consider sources’ motives before promising anonymity. Reserve anonymity for sources who may face danger, retribution or other harm, and have information that cannot be obtained elsewhere.

What is the primary mission of a reporter?

A reporter's primary mission is always to find the truth, whether that means questioning and challenging statements by the mayor, the governor or the president. The problem is, it's not always that easy.

Who is the editor of the New York Times?

That's the debate New York Times public editor Arthur Brisbane stumbled into recently when he raised that question in his column. In a piece headlined "Should The Times Be a Truth Vigilante?", Brisbane noted that Times columnist Paul Krugman "clearly has the freedom to call out what he thinks is a lie.".

Where did Tony Rogers go to college?

Tony Rogers has an M.S. in Journalism from Columbia University and has worked for the Associated Press and the New York Daily News. He has written and taught journalism for over 25 years.

Why are most published research findings false?

In a now-famous article, Stanford professor John Ioannidis argues that “ most published research findings are false ” due to inherent limitations in how researchers design studies. (Health and medical studies can be particularly attractive to media, but be aware that there is a long history of faulty findings .)

What is publication bias?

Additionally, the reality of “publication bias” — academic journals have traditionally been more interested in publishing studies that show effects, rather than no effects — can create a biased incentive structure that distorts larger truths.

Why is scholarly research important?

Scholarly research is a great source for rigorous, unbiased information, but making judgments about its quality can be difficult. Here are some important questions to ask when reading studies. Reading scholarly studies can help journalists integrate rigorous, unbiased sources of information into their reporting.

What is a hypothesis in research?

A hypothesis is a research question that a study seeks to answer. Sometimes researchers state their hypotheses explicitly, but more often their research questions are implicit. Hypotheses are testable assertions usually involving the relationship between two variables.

Why do researchers use RCTs?

Researchers commonly use RCTs to meet regulatory requirements, such as evaluating pharmaceuticals for the Food and Drug Administration. Due to issues of cost, logistics and ethics, RCTs are fairly uncommon for other purposes. Example: “ Short-Term Soy Isoflavone Intervention in Patients with Localized Prostate Cancer ”.

What are the two types of studies?

At the most basic level, studies can be placed into one of two categories: experimental and observational. In experimental studies, the researchers decide who is exposed to the independent variable and who is not.

What is the gold standard for research?

Here are descriptions of some of the most common study designs, presented along with their respective values for inferring causation: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), also known as clinical trials, are experimental studies that are considered the “gold standard” in research.

Interpreting The Data in Journalism

  • Data is just that: data. Numbers don’t say anything except what we interpret them as. As such, raw data is always very messy and so needs to be ‘cleaned’. Dirty data may be outdated, insecure, incomplete, inaccurate, inconsistent, or inflated. Cleaning bad data means fixing this bad data to ensure that the updated data is relevant, accurate, and useful for your purposes. And this is perh…
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Data and FACTS-based Reporting

  • You simply can’t take data at face value, no matter how reliably it was sourced. The aim of putting data in its correct context is to rid it of stereotypes and biases and ensure that your journalism is indeed factual and objective reporting. What is the point of journalism if it does not achieve this? Thus, effective data journalism plays right into the ethics of the profession and must be taken se…
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Presenting The Data

  • Now, communicating data does not mean dry reporting of statistics. The best data-based stories do not have readers combing through numbers and trying to figure out the math. In fact, such dry reporting is a sign that you do not communicate data effectively. Rather, what journalists report is what the data says. Guide your readers carefully through the numbers by presenting characters …
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Stories Are Data

  • Data journalism helps you uncover previously unobserved patterns in data and tell stories that have gone unreported or under-reported. Communicating effectively as a data journalist begins with keeping an open mind when accessing and analyzing the data. In simpler words, let the data tell its own story. Journalism is all about publishing narratives, but the best stories are the ones …
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  • All journalists should aim to communicate data factually and effectively. Therefore, as technology has evolved new innovations for collecting and managing data, modern journalism must evolve to integrate data analysis into traditional reporting. Modern journalists should be well-equipped to deal with data as that’s the primary way to understand today's world. Of course, this is not a call …
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