Its target had been the area around the Hudson River, north of the then extant Virginia Colony, and hundreds of miles from where it ended up. The explanation passed down by the Pilgrims was that a serious storm had blown the Mayflower off course, and that they had arrived in America too late in the year to correct themselves.
And Other Questions... The Mayflower landed on the coast of Cape Cod, in modern-day Massachusetts, on November 11, 1620. Its target had been the area around the Hudson River, north of the then extant Virginia Colony, and hundreds of miles from where it ended up.
The explanation passed down by the Pilgrims was that a serious storm had blown the Mayflower off course, and that they had arrived in America too late in the year to correct themselves. It is a plausible explanation, yet many on the Mayflower had much to gain from their faulty navigation.
The PilgrimsThe Pilgrims had a long and difficult journey across the Atlantic Ocean. A storm blew them off course so instead of landing in Virginia, they landed further north in Cape Cod (present day Massachusetts).
The English arrive at Jamestown. On December 6, 1606, the journey to Virginia began on three ships: the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery. In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement.
In 1607, English colonization began in Virginia with Jamestown, which would become the first permanent English settlement in North America.
Their settlement, in King William Parish, near Richmond on the James River, was known as Manakin Town.
the Virginia Company settlersOn May 14, 1607, the Virginia Company settlers landed on Jamestown Island to establish an English colony 60 miles from the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. Discovery of the exact location of the first fort indicates its site was in a secure place, where Spanish ships could not fire point blank into the fort.
John Smith Assumes Presidency of Jamestown. Explorer, writer, and cartographer John Smith became the leader of the Jamestown settlement when he assumed the presidency of its governing council on September 10, 1608.
Managing to stay alive yet placed into custody, he arrived with the group at the Chesapeake Bay in April 1607. The settlement was named Jamestown and would eventually be known as the first permanent British North American colony.
Jamestown was intended to become the core of a long-term settlement effort, creating new wealth for the London investors and recreating English society in North America. The colonists arrived at Jamestown after a 4-month journey from London.
In 1606, a group of wealthy London businessmen petitioned King James I for a charter to establish a colony in the New World. They formed the Virginia Company and set out to establish a permanent English settlement in the Americas.
The largest proportion of the early Backcountry immigrants were "Scots-Irish" settlers. These Scots-Irish settlers were poor and had originated in Scotland from where they fled to the Ulster region of Northern Ireland to escape religious prosecution.
The settlement of the Americas began when Paleolithic hunter-gatherers entered North America from the North Asian Mammoth steppe via the Beringia land bridge, which had formed between northeastern Siberia and western Alaska due to the lowering of sea level during the Last Glacial Maximum (26,000 to 19,000 years ago).
The original inhabitants of Virginia arrived some 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. These were people of Paleo-Indian culture, who, like their successors, the Archaic-culture people, lived mainly by hunting and fishing.