what is computer architecture course

by Ms. Kaylin Beer V 9 min read

Computer architecture is the science and art of selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create a computer that meets functional, performance and cost goals. This course introduces the basic hardware structure of a modern programmable computer, including the basic laws underlying performance evaluation.

Computer architecture encompasses a variety of things, including instruction set architecture, microarchitecture, and implementation. The operating system depends on this infrastructure, which begins with the work of thinkers like von Neumann, Babbage, Lovelace, and others.

Full Answer

How to start learning computer architecture?

  • Learn how to interpret assembly opcodes to program at the lowest level
  • Start organizing written components into a virtual computer
  • Start combining hardware components into problem-specific devices

What are the basics of computer architecture?

Computer architecture is concerned with the structure and behavior of the computer as seen by the user. It includes the information formats, the instruction set, and techniques for addressing memory. It includes the information formats, the instruction set, and techniques for addressing memory.

How to master computer architecture?

  • Books
  • Computer Architecture by Hennessey and Patterson
  • A Practical Introduction to Computer Architecture by Daniel Page
  • YouTube videos of classes by Onur Mutlu (series of lectures)

How to know the architecture of my computer?

How to Check if Processor is 32-bit, 64-bit, or ARM in Windows 10

  • Open the Settings app.
  • Navigate to System > About.
  • On the right, check out the System type value.
  • It shows either a x86-based processor (32-bit), x64-based processor (64-bit), or ARM-based processor depending on the hardware you have.

What do you learn in computer architecture?

The subject explores how machines are designed, built, and operate. Knowing what's inside and how it works will help you design, develop, and implement applications better, faster, cheaper, more efficient, and easier to use because you will be able to make informed decisions instead of guestimating and assuming.

What is a computer architecture career?

May 14, 2019. Computer architecture is a field of work that's not as complex as it might sound. Despite the name, it's mostly about the rules and protocols by which different hardware and software are joined, interact, and network together.

How do I get a job in computer architecture?

Use your Data Structures and algorithm knowledge in C programming. Then you have lots of opportunities in Embedded, IoT and Computer Engineering field. If you like a career in Digital VLSI then start programming in C++. Learn Verilog.

What are the 3 categories of computer architecture?

The three categories of computer architectureSystem design. System design includes all hardware parts of a computer, including data processors, multiprocessors, memory controllers, and direct memory access. ... Instruction set architecture (ISA) ... Microarchitecture.

Sub-divisions

Computer Architecture can be divided into mainly three categories, which are as follows −

Role of computer Architecture

The main role of Computer Architecture is to balance the performance, efficiency, cost and reliability of a computer system.

Structure

Let us see the example structure of Computer Architecture as given below.

What is computer architecture?

Just like construction codes, computer architecture is a set of rules and systems that govern how a computer system operates. Without computer architecture, computer science is just a random set of algorithms with no overarching mission. Computer architecture encompasses a variety of things, including instruction set architecture, ...

What is smart home architecture?

Smart homes and offices require creative use of computer architecture. As a computer architect, you could provide data paths for both computers and supercomputers, facilitating pipelining, and ensuring consistency.

Who created the operating system?

The operating system depends on this infrastructure, which begins with the work of thinkers like von Neumann, Babbage, Lovelace, and others. Now, modern computers can take advantage of the systems that house their organizational parts.

About this Course

In this course, you will learn to design the computer architecture of complex modern microprocessors.

Offered by

Princeton University is a private research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. It is one of the eight universities of the Ivy League, and one of the nine Colonial Colleges founded before the American Revolution.

Introduction, Instruction Set Architecture, and Microcode

This lecture will give you a broad overview of the course, as well as the description of architecture, micro-architecture and instruction set architectures.

Pipelining Review

This lecture covers the basic concept of pipeline and two different types of hazards.

Superscalar 1

This lecture covers cache characteristics and basic superscalar architecture.

Superscalar 3

This lecture covers different kinds of architectures for out-of-order processors.

Superscalar 4

This lecture covers the common methods used to improve the performance of out-of-order processors including register renaming and memory disambiguation.

How many hours is 306 computer science?

Computer Science 306: Computer Architecture has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2,000 colleges and universities. With this self-paced course, you get engaging lessons, expert instructors who make even the most challenging computer science topics simple, and an excellent resource for getting a head start on your degree.

Is Computer Science 306 prerequisite?

There are no prerequisites for this course. Course Format. Computer Science 306: Computer Architecture consists of short video lessons that are organized into topical chapters. Each video is approximately 5-10 minutes in length and comes with a quick quiz to help you measure your learning.

Computer Architecture

This course in computer architecture will take you from an understanding of digital design using combinational logic and synchronous sequential building blocks to building your own single-cycle multicycle, and pipelined microprocessors.

About this course

Microprocessors are an incredibly useful tool because they are cheap, flexible, and allow you to control physical systems in powerful ways. In this class, you will learn to build microprocessors as well as to program and build systems from them.

Which architecture was introduced to solve the problem of memory being used for the program/instructions?

To solve this problem, smart monkeys later introduced the Harvard architecture, where memory used for the program/instructions are separate from the data memory.

What does "execute" mean in a computer?

Execute: Run the instructions, usually producing some sort of results – Which is then displayed on the screen or output to a device.

What is a program counter?

Program counter: Keeps track of the currently running program, which are the current and next instructions to execute.

What is the name of the line that connects the components together in a computer?

It is kind of confusing, but yes, those “electrical lines” the connect components together in a computer are called “bus”. It is not quite related to the 4-wheeled vehicles we call buses on the roads, but it shares the same origin from the Latin word “omnibus” – or “for all”.

When did Von Neumann come up with the design architecture?

In the year 1945 , he came up a design architecture for digital computers, which we later call the Von Neumann architecture:

Which unit does all the data crunching?

CPU – Has a control unit and ALU that does all the data crunching.

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